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THE DESCENDENTS FROM ADAM TO NOAH

INTRODUCTION: Cain was the firstborn son of Adam, and Abel was Adam's second son, but Cain took action as recorded in the next passage. Genesis 4 "3 As time passed, it happened that Cain brought an offering to Yahweh from the fruit of the ground. 4 Abel also brought some of the firstborn of his flock and of its fat. Yahweh respected Abel and his offering, 5 but he didn't respect Cain and his offering. Cain was very angry, and the expression on his face fell. 6 Yahweh said to Cain, "Why are you angry? Why has the expression of your face fallen? 7 If you do well, will it not be lifted up? If you don't do well, sin crouches at the door. Its desire is for you, but you are to rule over it." 8 Cain said to Abel, his brother, "Let's go into the field." It happened when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel, his brother, and killed him." From the brief wording in these verses we can be sure that Yahweh had a way for Cain to follow, but Cain instead purposely killed his brother Abel. There is no reference for the year for the birth of these two sons, or for the year when this murder took place. Additional verses in Genesis chapter 4 outline a series of descendents for Cain, and a few names of wives are recorded. Genesis chapter 5 begin to list a new line of descendents through Seth: which allows an estimation of total years from Adam's first year to the end of the Great Flood when Noah and his family came out of the ark.

NOTE: Bible verses are from the World English Bible.

A - THE BIRTH OF SETH COMFORTED EVE AFTER CAIN HAD KILLED ABEL

Genesis 4 "25 Adam knew his wife again. She gave birth to a son, and named him Seth, "for God has appointed me another child instead of Abel, for Cain killed him." 26 There was also born a son to Seth, and he named him Enosh. Then men began to call on Yahweh's name."

COMMENTS: There is no record of the age of either Cain or Abel in relation to Adam's age; and no reference of years for when Cain took a wife. Genesis, chapter 4 is the only source about the descendents of Cain. The last two verses of Genesis chapter 4 are a prelude for the line of descendents through Seth: and more detail is given in chapters 5 through 7. When Eve gave this son the name Seth she said, "for God has appointed me another child instead of Abel, for Cain killed him." We can't know how many years had passed after the murder, but Adam's age is recorded as 130 years when Seth was born. Then the final verse of Genesis 4 states that when Seth had a son named Enosh, men began to call on the name of Yahweh.


B - THE LIFESPAN OF ADAM CONTINUED INTO MANY GENERATIONS OF SETH'S DESCENDENTS

Genesis 5 "1 This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, he made him in God's likeness. 2 He created them male and female, and blessed them, and called their name "Adam," in the day when they were created. 3 Adam lived one hundred thirty years, and became the father of a son in his own likeness, after his image, and named him Seth. 4 The days of Adam after he became the father of Seth were eight hundred years, and he became the father of sons and daughters. 5 All the days that Adam lived were nine hundred thirty years, then he died. 6 Seth lived one hundred five years, and became the father of Enosh. 7 Seth lived after he became the father of Enosh eight hundred seven years, and became the father of sons and daughters. 8 All the days of Seth were nine hundred twelve years, then he died. 9 Enosh lived ninety years, and became the father of Kenan. 10 Enosh lived after he became the father of Kenan, eight hundred fifteen years, and became the father of sons and daughters. 11 All the days of Enosh were nine hundred five years, then he died. 12 Kenan lived seventy years, and became the father of Mahalalel. 13 Kenan lived after he became the father of Mahalalel eight hundred forty years, and became the father of sons and daughters 14 and all the days of Kenan were nine hundred ten years, then he died. 15 Mahalalel lived sixty-five years, and became the father of Jared. 16 Mahalalel lived after he became the father of Jared eight hundred thirty years, and became the father of sons and daughters. 17 All the days of Mahalalel were eight hundred ninety-five years, then he died. 18 Jared lived one hundred sixty-two years, and became the father of Enoch. 19 Jared lived after he became the father of Enoch eight hundred years, and became the father of sons and daughters. 20 All the days of Jared were nine hundred sixty-two years, then he died."

COMMENTS: There is no further mention of Cain anywhere in the Old Testament after the close of Genesis chapter 4. The passages beginning in chapter 5 about men through the line of Seth, called the book of the generations of Adam, provide some interesting detail. There is no text to provide the total of sons and daughters from Adam and Eve, so the emphasis is on the line of descent leading to Noah. Each man named as the descendent of Adam had other sons and daughters in addition to the one son being traced. Since Adam's age is given as 930 when he died, he lived approximately another 800 years after the birth of Seth. The other verses from the above passage will be used to estimate the age of Adam when a son is born for each named father, and then the accumulated years from the beginning of Adam's first year to the death of the named father.

Seth lived one hundred five years, and became the father of Enosh.
And all the days of Seth were nine hundred twelve years, then he died.
Adam was about 235 when Enosh was born, and Seth died in the year ~1042.
Enosh lived ninety years, and became the father of Kenan.
All the days of Enosh were nine hundred five years, then he died.
Adam was about 325 when Kenan was born, and Enosh died in ~1140.
Kenan lived seventy years, and became the father of Mahalalel.
All the days of Kenan were nine hundred ten years, then he died.
Adam was about 395 when Mahalalel was born, and Kenan died in ~1235.
Mahalalel lived sixty-five years, and became the father of Jared.
All the days of Mahalalel were eight hundred ninety-five years, then he died.
Adam was about 460 when Jared was born, and Mahalalel died in ~1290.
Jared lived one hundred sixty-two years, and became the father of Enoch.
All the days of Jared were nine hundred sixty-two years, then he died.
Adam was about 622 when Enoch was born, and Jared died in ~1422.


C - ENOCH DID NOT SEE DEATH BECAUSE HE WAS TRANSLATED BY YAHWEH

Genesis 5 "21 Enoch lived sixty-five years, and became the father of Methuselah. 22 Enoch walked with God after he became the father of Methuselah three hundred years, and became the father of sons and daughters. 23 All the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty-five years. 24 Enoch walked with God, and he was not, for God took him."

COMMENTS: Enoch, the son of Jared, was taken away from death as Yahweh translated him after he had a son to continue the line of Seth's descendents to the birth of Noah. Enoch also had other sons and daughters before he was translated at the age of 365 years. The above passage twice states very simply that Enoch walked with God.
Enoch is recorded in Genesis as the first man to be taken up to be with God without experiencing the death of the body, and a New Testament letter has supportive testimony about Enoch. Hebrews 11 "5 By faith, Enoch was taken away, so that he wouldn't see death, and he was not found, because God translated him. For he has had testimony given to him that before his translation he had been well pleasing to God. 6 Without faith it is impossible to be well pleasing to him, for he who comes to God must believe that he exists, and that he is a rewarder of those who seek him."

The approximation of accumulated years from the creation of Adam continues below.
Enoch lived sixty-five years, and became the father of Methuselah.
All the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty-five years, then he was not, for God took him.
Adam was about 687 when Methuselah was born, and enoch "was taken" in ~987 (~57 years after Adam died)


D - NOAH'S GRANDFATHER METHUSELAH DIED THE SAME YEAR THE ARK WAS COMPLETED

Genesis 5 "25 Methuselah lived one hundred eighty-seven years, and became the father of Lamech. 26 Methuselah lived after he became the father of Lamech seven hundred eighty-two years, and became the father of sons and daughters. 27 All the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty-nine years, then he died. 28 Lamech lived one hundred eighty-two years, and became the father of a son, 29 and he named him Noah, saying, "This same will comfort us in our work and in the toil of our hands, because of the ground which Yahweh has cursed." 30 Lamech lived after he became the father of Noah five hundred ninety-five years, and became the father of sons and daughters. 31 All the days of Lamech were seven hundred seventy-seven years, then he died. 32 Noah was five hundred years old, and Noah became the father of Shem, Ham, and Japheth."

COMMENTS: Adam died before the translation of Enoch that saved him from death; and Adam's death was even before Noah was born as a man who would be greatly blessed by God. The approximation of accumulated years since Adam and Eve were created continues below.
Methuselah lived one hundred eighty-seven years, and became the father of Lamech.
All the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty-nine years, then he died.
Adam was about 874 when Lamech was born, and Methuselah died in ~1656
Lamech lived one hundred eighty-two years, and became the father of a son, 29 and he named him Noah.
All the days of Lamech were seven hundred seventy-seven years, then he died.
Adam died about 126 years BEFORE Noah was born, and Lamech died in ~1651
Noah was five hundred years old, and Noah became the father of Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
The year Noah's sons were born was ~1556.


E - NOAH FOUND FAVOR IN THE EYES OF YAHWEH

Genesis 6 "1 It happened, when men began to multiply on the surface of the ground, and daughters were born to them, 2 that God's sons saw that men's daughters were beautiful, and they took for themselves wives of all that they chose. 3 Yahweh said, "My Spirit will not strive with man forever, because he also is flesh; yet will his days be one hundred twenty years." 4 The Nephilim were in the earth in those days, and also after that, when God's sons came in to men's daughters. They bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown. 5 Yahweh saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. 6 Yahweh was sorry that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him in his heart. 7 Yahweh said, "I will destroy man whom I have created from the surface of the ground; man, along with animals, creeping things, and birds of the sky; for I am sorry that I have made them." 8 But Noah found favour in Yahweh's eyes. 9 This is the history of the generations of Noah. Noah was a righteous man, blameless among the people of his time. Noah walked with God. 10 Noah became the father of three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth. 11 The earth was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence. 12 God saw the earth, and saw that it was corrupt, for all flesh had corrupted their way on the earth. 13 God said to Noah, "The end of all flesh has come before me, for the earth is filled with violence through them. Behold, I will destroy them with the earth. 14 Make a ship of gopher wood. You shall make rooms in the ship, and shall seal it inside and outside with pitch. 15 This is how you shall make it. The length of the ship will be three hundred cubits, its breadth fifty cubits, and its height thirty cubits. 16 You shall make a roof in the ship, and you shall finish it to a cubit upward. You shall set the door of the ship in its side. You shall make it with lower, second, and third levels. 17 I, even I, do bring the flood of waters on this earth, to destroy all flesh having the breath of life from under the sky. Everything that is in the earth will die. 18 But I will establish my covenant with you. You shall come into the ship, you, your sons, your wife, and your sons' wives with you. 19 Of every living thing of all flesh, you shall bring two of every sort into the ship, to keep them alive with you. They shall be male and female. 20 Of the birds after their kind, of the livestock after their kind, of every creeping thing of the ground after its kind, two of every sort shall come to you, to keep them alive. 21 Take with you of all food that is eaten, and gather it to yourself; and it will be for food for you, and for them. 22 Thus Noah did. According to all that God commanded him, so he did."

COMMENTS: Most of the passage above is sufficient without my observations since I am concentrating on the line of descendents from Adam to Noah, with emphasis on chronology. However, the portion above is noteworthy which states "Noah was a righteous man, blameless among the people of his time. Noah walked with God. Noah became the father of three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth." The phrase "walked with God" was only used in Genesis to describe one other man, and that was Enoch before he was translated and did not experience death.


F - COMPLETION OF THE ARK DESIGNED BY YAHWEH

Genesis 7 "1 Yahweh said to Noah, "Come with all of your household into the ship, for I have seen your righteousness before me in this generation. 2 You shall take seven pairs of every clean animal with you, the male and his female. Of the animals that are not clean, take two, the male and his female. 3 Also of the birds of the sky, seven and seven, male and female, to keep seed alive on the surface of all the earth. 4 In seven days, I will cause it to rain on the earth for forty days and forty nights. Every living thing that I have made, I will destroy from the surface of the ground." 5 Noah did everything that Yahweh commanded him. 6 Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters came on the earth. 7 Noah went into the ship with his sons, his wife, and his sons' wives, because of the waters of the flood. 8 Clean animals, animals that are not clean, birds, and everything that creeps on the ground 9 went by pairs to Noah into the ship, male and female, as God commanded Noah. 10 It happened after the seven days, that the waters of the flood came on the earth. 11 In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day all the fountains of the great deep were burst open, and the sky's windows were opened. 12 The rain was on the earth forty days and forty nights. 13 In the same day Noah, and Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah's wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, entered into the ship; 14 they, and every animal after its kind, all the livestock after their kind, every creeping thing that creeps on the earth after its kind, and every bird after its kind, every bird of every sort. 15 They went to Noah into the ship, by pairs of all flesh with the breath of life in them. 16 Those who went in, went in male and female of all flesh, as God commanded him; and Yahweh shut him in. 17 The flood was forty days on the earth. The waters increased, and lifted up the ship, and it was lifted up above the earth. 18 The waters prevailed, and increased greatly on the earth; and the ship floated on the surface of the waters. 19 The waters prevailed exceedingly on the earth. All the high mountains that were under the whole sky were covered. 20 The waters prevailed fifteen cubits upward, and the mountains were covered. 21 All flesh died that moved on the earth, including birds, livestock, animals, every creeping thing that creeps on the earth, and every man. 22 All in whose nostrils was the breath of the spirit of life, of all that was on the dry land, died. 23 Every living thing was destroyed that was on the surface of the ground, including man, livestock, creeping things, and birds of the sky. They were destroyed from the earth. Only Noah was left, and those who were with him in the ship. 24 The waters prevailed on the earth one hundred fifty days."

COMMENTS: Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters came on the earth, which would have been approximately 1,656 years after the creation of Adam and Eve. That also was the year Methuselah died, and he was the man with the oldest recorded age in Scripture. Since all others in that line of descendents from Seth died before the Great Flood, there is the possibility that Methuselah died before the month specified when the flood waters came upon the earth. Noah went into the ship with his sons, his wife, and his sons' wives, In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day all the fountains of the great deep were burst open, and the sky's windows were opened. In the forty days and forty nights of the great increase of water upon the surface of the earth, all the high mountains that were under the whole sky were covered. All flesh died that moved on the earth, including birds, livestock, animals, every creeping thing on the earth, and every man: all on dry land that required the breathing of air to live. Only Noah remained alive, and those who were with him in the ship. The deep water covered the earth for 150 days.


G - YAHWEH BROUGHT OUT THE INHABITANTS OF THE ARK TO REPLENISH THE EARTH

Genesis 8 "1 God remembered Noah, all the animals, and all the livestock that were with him in the ship; and God made a wind to pass over the earth. The waters subsided. 2 The deep's fountains and the sky's windows were also stopped, and the rain from the sky was restrained. 3 The waters receded from the earth continually. After the end of one hundred fifty days the waters decreased. 4 The ship rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on Ararat's mountains. 5 The waters receded continually until the tenth month. In the tenth month, on the first day of the month, the tops of the mountains were seen. 6 It happened at the end of forty days, that Noah opened the window of the ship which he had made, 7 and he sent out a raven. It went back and forth, until the waters were dried up from the earth. 8 He sent out a dove from him, to see if the waters were abated from the surface of the ground, 9 but the dove found no place to rest her foot, and she returned to him into the ship; for the waters were on the surface of the whole earth. He put out his hand, and took her, and brought her to him into the ship. 10 He stayed yet another seven days; and again he sent the dove out of the ship. 11 The dove came back to him at evening, and, behold, in her mouth was an olive leaf plucked off. So Noah knew that the waters were abated from the earth. 12 He stayed yet another seven days, and sent out the dove; and she didn't return to him any more. 13 It happened in the six hundred first year, in the first month, the first day of the month, the waters were dried up from the earth. Noah removed the covering of the ship, and looked. He saw that the surface of the ground was dried. 14 In the second month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, the earth was dry. 15 God spoke to Noah, saying, 16 "Go out of the ship, you, and your wife, and your sons, and your sons' wives with you. 17 Bring out with you every living thing that is with you of all flesh, including birds, livestock, and every creeping thing that creeps on the earth, that they may breed abundantly in the earth, and be fruitful, and multiply on the earth." 18 Noah went out, with his sons, his wife, and his sons' wives with him. 19 Every animal, every creeping thing, and every bird, whatever moves on the earth, after their families, went out of the ship. 20 Noah built an altar to Yahweh, and took of every clean animal, and of every clean bird, and offered burnt offerings on the altar. 21 Yahweh smelled the pleasant aroma. Yahweh said in his heart, "I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake, because the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth; neither will I ever again strike everything living, as I have done. 22 While the earth remains, seed time and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.""

COMMENTS: Noah's family and all the creatures came out from the ark, and Noah presented the suitable sacrifice before Yahweh, and this was pleasing to Yahweh. Then Yahweh said he will not again curse the ground for man's sake, because the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth. This was a promise from Yahweh to withhold a repetition of the destruction by a Great Flood; but the sin nature of mankind was still present within the eight people who survived. neither will Yahweh ever again strike everything living, as He had done. That should not be interpreted to mean their would be no other form of righteous judgment of sins committed before a Holy God. Yahweh promised a general blessing that while the earth remains: the patterns he designed of seed time and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.

--- REFLECTIONS IN PRAYER ---

I thank you Yahweh, my Savior, that your mercy endures forever in light of the fact that their is truly none without sin, no not one. The two sons of Adam and Eve are primary examples that parents cannot have complete determination of the life pattern for their children to follow as adults. The specific names given in each generation of the line of descendents of Seth does not indicate that all were completely faithful. Also, each of those men had other sons and daughters which continually provided for many other family groups; along with many descendents of Cain before the Great Flood. When you, Yahweh, chose Noah with his wife, and his sons and their wives to be safe in the Ark, you had many other plans for mankind which could never be thwarted in any way by man or by Satan. I praise my God that I have received salvation to everlasting life by grace through faith in Christ Jesus, the Son of God. Amen.

Published revision 1 July 2019 | first edition October 2004